What is Basic Computer Networking?

What is Basic Computer Networking

What is Basic Computer Networking?

A computer network is a series of connected devices that share a common connection, such as a wired or wireless LAN cable. Each computer on a network has a unique IP address that allows it to communicate with other computers in the network. This connection is made possible by protocols and switches, which govern how each computer interacts with other computers on the network. If you have more than one computer connected to a network, you can use a mesh network.

LAN cable

The LAN cable is a wired device used for connecting devices to a network. It’s available in several designs and serves various functions. A coaxial cable is a common choice for connecting an Internet connection to a network. Coaxial cables use shielding to prevent EMI and higher frequencies from reaching the wires. This type of cable is much more expensive than unshielded cables. But if you’re worried about EMI, shielded cables are a better choice.

A LAN cable connects two or more computers. It enables devices to communicate with each other and share network resources, such as printers and scanners. Each computer on a LAN has its own NIC. They’re connected through an Ethernet cable that runs from each computer to a central hub or switch. Once the cable is connected to the network, the switch or hub acts as a relay, receiving and redirecting data packets across the LAN.

Another common type of network cable is the Ethernet cable. This type of cable connects two computers over a single network. This cable is often called an ethernet cable, but it’s also referred to as a “LAN cable.” These cables connect computers to network switches, a router, modem, or dsl. In addition to connecting two computers, a LAN cable connects computers to the Internet.

Ethernet cables are often referred to as LAN cables, because they connect computers in a specific area. Generally, the cables are connected using Ethernet (TCP/IP) ethernet or Wi-Fi. These networks are typically exclusive to a single organization. LANs are vital in computer networking because almost every computer connects to a different device in some way. Broadband networks, by contrast, are vastly different in scope.


A router is a computer network device that manages the flow of traffic between different networks. It takes IP addresses and rewrites them to send and receive data in the shortest possible route. A router is an essential component of modern computer networking, enabling multiple devices to share the same Internet connection. It is also used to pass data between two types of networks, LAN and WAN. A LAN is a small group of connected devices within a geographic area. It usually requires only one router.

A router maintains a routing table that lists the best way to forward a data packet. It stores both static and dynamic routes. Control-plane logic strips non-essential directives from this table, allowing it to build a forwarding information base. Once this information base is built, a router is able to forward a data packet. However, this information is only useful if it is updated frequently.

There are several types of routers. The basic ones are the most common. The first is the Ethernet-based model. It connects two computers to one another. It is the cheapest and most widely used type of network device. Most of them feature multiple network ports, allowing them to connect multiple devices at once. Wireless routers, on the other hand, use different wireless standards to connect to one another. However, a router and a modem are two different things.

The LAN has many benefits. WAN connections are more reliable than local connections. Routers allow for the sharing of files and printers. They are easy to setup and use, and the router is an essential tool for networking. Besides allowing multiple devices to connect, a router also acts as an internet gateway. A router can also act as a simple network switch, allowing multiple computers to share the same network connection.


In computer networking, one of the most fundamental concepts is switching. Using a switch, you can route a packet between any two nodes of a network. A switch uses one of two common approaches to forwarding packets: connectionless or datagram. Connection-oriented switches use a virtual circuit or source routing. Both types of approaches have useful applications. The following sections discuss how each of these approaches works. Basic computer networking is switching and how it affects network performance.

The switch is an active device that acts as a controller for network traffic. Each switch connects devices and communicates with other networks. It helps share material among different computers. A health care organization might have a centralized network for the entire company, including all of its employees and patients. An on-premise switch is physically present and offers greater control over network traffic, configuration, and monitoring. An on-premise switch is not necessary for all networks.

Unmanaged switches are relatively cheap and easy to install. They work by automatically identifying the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the network. These switches work in either half-duplex or full-duplex mode. A managed switch, on the other hand, has more features and controls. It also allows administrators to configure VLANs. A managed switch can be used to manage multiple networks at once. When networking with a large number of devices, you should use a managed switch for better control and security.

During the data transfer phase, switches need to know which ports to forward. To do this, a host sends a packet with VCI value 5 into the header. The switch then uses interface 2 to find an appropriate VC table entry. The switch then sends the packet out of interface 1.

Mesh network

The mesh network is a type of computer networking that uses dedicated point-to-point links between computers. This type of network adds redundancy, privacy, and security to the system. Additionally, it does not require a central server. The drawback to mesh networks is that they are more expensive than other types of networks. This is because the nodes in the network must all be active and share the load. However, these drawbacks are well worth the benefits.

Most mesh kits have 2 or more nodes. One will be connected to the modem, while the others will be placed around the home. Some mesh systems support up to 32 nodes. Before buying a mesh network, you should determine how much coverage you’ll need. You should also consider the square footage of your home, and the distance between floors if you have multiple stories. Different models offer different ranges, so it’s important to read the specifications before purchasing.

A mesh network is a common computer networking technology that relies on point-to-point connections between computers. Because it doesn’t require a central hub, mesh networks allow any two devices to communicate privately. Mesh networks can be either full mesh or partial mesh. You can use both types to connect computers. A mesh network can be used in a home network or at work. You may find it useful to learn more about them.

Mesh networks have several benefits. One of them is that they are easy to set up and don’t require centralized servers. With only one connection point per device, mesh nodes provide high-performance computing and low latency. They can also be used for other purposes, such as video cameras and VoIP phones. Mesh nodes often have an ethernet port, which makes it easy to connect with other devices. It also allows stand-alone devices to receive power from the network, eliminating the need for electrical outlets.

Client/server network

A client/server network is a type of computer network that utilizes a central computer for managing and servicing requests from clients. The client systems may be connected to a local area network (LAN) or the Internet. Servers can also act as central repository of information. Network devices are the main communication path between workstations and servers, acting as connectors to route data into and out of a network. Basic client/server networks are the most common type of computer network and are widely used in many types of applications.

The client/server network usually utilizes a shared printer and scanner, which can be used by any number of computers on the network. This saves on space and money. Client machines request the data from the server, which then distributes it to the other computers on the network. This network architecture allows for easy expansion and integration of other resources and systems, without disrupting the existing network. Further, the client/server model is platform-agnostic.

The IP address is the name given to all computer devices connected to the Internet. It refers to the network interface card of each computer. The NIC on each lab machine connects to the network through IP addresses. The DHCP server assigns each device an IP address. However, the dynamic IP address means that users are disconnected from the network after a while and must wait for a new one. Dynamic IP addresses are not recommended for file sharing or online games.

Computer networks are largely a function of the hardware that is used to connect and maintain the network. While a small number of computers can be used to set up a client/server network, larger networks may require a greater amount of RAM and CPU. Adding more computer hardware can increase the performance of the network and increase its reliability. The following is a brief introduction to basic client/server networks. This overview will help you build your own basic client/server network.

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